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Diuretics Use Among Figure And Bikini Competitors
Q. Is diuretic use common among figure and bikini competitors, and if so, what types of diuretics are they using?
A. Diuretics are a common supplement used among figure and bikini competitors, and they’re typically consumed one week prior to a competition or even a photo shoot. Diuretics are used to dispel the body of excess water and create maximum definition. Generally, a diuretic is any product that elevates the rate of urination, causing a forced diuretic effect. Many different ingredients can cause diuresis, via various mechanisms of action. The most common types of diuretics among competitors are loop and potassium sparing. Loop diuretics inhibit the body’s ability to reabsorb sodium at the ascending loop in the kidney, which leads to retention of water in the urine, as water normally would flow back into the extracellular fluid. Some loop diuretics can be considered high-ceiling diuretics, which cause a substantial diuresis of up to 20 percent of the filtered load of sodium chloride and water. Normal renal sodium reabsorption usually leaves only 0.4 percent of filtered sodium in the urine. Loop diuretics can also significantly increase calcium excretion. Although there are herbal diuretics out there, most competitors opt for prescription diuretics to ensure they’re delivering a precise amount of ingredient. Additionally, it has been found that over-the-counter diuretic products use a combination of plant extracts; however, these ingredients, although known as diuretics, are usually considered aquaretics because they promote aquaresis, which is the excretion of water without electrolyte loss. Herbal diuretics increase blood flow to the kidneys without increasing sodium and chloride reabsorption, thus causing an increase in urine while retaining electrolytes.
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