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Sports Medicine

Dr. Ken Kinakin D.C., CSCS
Dr. Ken Kinakin is a sport medicine doctor, chiropractor, certified strength and conditioning specialist and personal trainer! He’s also the author of the book “Optimal Muscle Training” and has competed in bodybuilding and powerlifting for over 20 years. Dr. Kinakin lectures around the world to doctors and personal trainers on the areas of weight-training, rehabilitation and nutrition. He is also the clinic director for the AIM Health & Wellness clinic (see www.aimhealthgroup.com), with a rehabilitation and training centre in Mississauga, Ontario. Dr. Kinakin founded the Society of Weight-Training Injury Specialists (SWIS), an organization that educates and certifies doctors, therapists and personal trainers in the area of exercise muscle testing, rehabilitation and treatment of weight training injuries (see www.swis.ca).
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Alcohol Impairs muscle growth

Several studies show the adverse effects of alcohol on muscle growth. Alcohol, consumed either occasionally or frequently, decreases protein
synthesis and affects Type II muscle fibres (the kind that grow best) more than Type I (the kind long distance runners depend on). Excessive use of alcohol or binge drinking can result in decreased levels of testosterone and increased levels of cortisol (the muscle wasting hormone), a direct effect on muscle cells that can result in significant muscle wasting, especially if protein intake is not high. A study showed the effects of short-term alcohol intake on protein synthesis in the whole body and in other tissues of laboratory animals.

The study found alcohol decreased whole-body protein synthesis by 41 percent. Other earlier studies also show alcohol has a direct inhibitory effect on protein synthesis. Further studies found both the indirect and direct effects of alcohol on protein synthesis and, with frequent use, muscle wasting. Another study looked at the effects of ethanol on skeletal muscle protein synthesis and protease (enzyme) activities in laboratory animals. In this study, after only 24 hours, the alcohol-fed animals, compared with controls, had signifi cant reductions in total protein, RNA, and DNA contents in all skeletal muscles studied; changes were more significant in the muscles containing large proportions of Type II fibres. The results of this study suggest the muscle wasting seen with alcohol toxicity are predominantly associated with impaired protein synthesis (i.e., growth).

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